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Inquiry is Core within DP

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众所周知,国际文凭包含的三个阶段(小学课程、中学课程&大学预科课程)都遵循着6项教学原则: 1. 以探究学习为基础 2. 专注概念理解 3. 在国内外环境中学习发展 4. 培养高效的团队合作 5. 订制化教学 6. 评估测试报告(形成性评估和终结性评估)

探究学习对于培养成终生学习者来说至关重要,我们的学生深知成为深圳南山国际学校中的一员就意味着要成为一名积极的探究者。创造力和好奇心,外加学习技能的发展,将使我们大学预科班的学生能够顺利通过学业。学生在每门课程中都面临大量教学内容,在课堂上应用探究学习会给学生提供自我思考和理解知识的机会,以此帮助其掌握教学内容。探究性自主学习是一个不断反思、规划和设定目标的过程。所有大学预科课程科目的校内评估成果就是探究式学习的最好证明。该项评估是问题主导式学习的例子。它允许学生在所选主题/探索项目时充分展示所学知识,锻炼学习技能。学生也可以通过探究学习领会到大学预科课程的核心内容。本校大学预科核心项目体验课程协调员Kathryn Crossman老师解释探究学习如何成为大学文凭课程核心的内容如下。

核心课程体验项目作为大学预科课程不可或缺的组成部分,是由创意、活动和服务实践课程,知识理论课和拓展论文组成。大学预科核心体验项目从各方面给学生提供机会在其所选主题或感兴趣领域中应用结构化探索和自主探索进行学习。深圳南山国际学校的CAS课程引导学生发现兴趣爱好并让学生在课后积极参加拓展活动达到学习与生活的平衡。各门学科均衡发展,健康体魄,具有创意和充满关爱的生活方式是国际文凭大学预科班培养学生的目标。学生创建的个人档案可将其成功案例、挑战以及充满创意且积极地参与社区服务的宝贵经历重点记录下来。独立探索的机会有助于学生构建组织、提高自我管理能力还有助于成为合格的国际公民。

知识理论课程会不断给学生带来挑战,让学生通过探究认识到其掌握知识的源泉。通过积极参与,探究式活动,学生会逐渐明白知识理论课的主要构成部分,其中有知识领域、认知方法、相关问题、专业术语甚至更多。知识理论课的两项评估性作业:一篇论文和当众演讲,是给予学生机会去调查、策划、联想以及通过运用知识以及根据现实生活中遇到的问题,充分展示出理解事物的内涵。

最后,拓展论文是学生在大学预科课程期间独立完成的探索论文,它允许学生在导师的帮助和指导下,独立完成整个探究周期。核心体验项目课程以集体和个人探究的方式培养学生;它提供机会给学生助其成为充满好奇心、热爱学习的探索者。

It is no secret that all three IB programmes (PYP, MYP&DP) are guided by the same six pedagogical principles:??

  • based on inquiry
  • focused on conceptual understanding
  • developed in local and global contexts
  • focused on effective teamwork and collaboration
  • differentiated to meet the needs of all learners
  • informed by assessment (formative and summative).

These principles help IB educators focus on teaching their students how to learn, rather than what to learn. This article will concentrate on the role inquiry plays in the Diploma Programme (DP) at ISNS.?

Inqury-based learning is essential for students to take ownership over their learning. It encourages them to dive deeper into the content studied in class by allowing them to focus in on specific content that they themselves are interested in or curious about.

Gloria Carnevale

Inquiry is essential to becoming a lifelong learner and our students know that being a “Phoenix” means being an Inquirer. Creativity and curiosity, coupled with the development of Approaches to Learning (ATL) skills, allow our DP students to succeed in this demanding programme. Students are faced with large amounts of content in each of their courses yet the use of inquiry in the classroom provides opportunity to think about their own learning and understanding in order to help manage and process that content. Self-directed learning through inquiry is a constant journey of reflection, planning and goal setting. The Internal Assessment (IA), a requirement in all DP courses, is the best evidence for inquiry-based learning. This assessment is an example of problem-based learning. It allows students to display their knowledge in response to a question/exploration of their own choosing and simultaneously hones their ATL skills. Students also utilize inquiry to direct their learning through the DP Core. Our DP Core Coordinator, Kathryn Crossman, explains how inquiry is at the center of Diploma Programme (DP).

I find the ability to inquire extremely essential as it allows me to reflect, understand, and discover the topic on a more thorough level from a more diverse perspective.

Michelle L.

The Core, an integral component of the DP, is composed of Creativity, Activity, and Service (CAS), Theory of Knowledge (TOK), and the Extended Essay (EE). Each aspect of the DP Core offers students a chance to be led through structured inquiry, or independently inquire into their own topics or interests. The CAS programme at ISNS invites students to think about their own interests and passions so that they can focus on them outside of the classroom setting that can lead to balanced lives. Learning to balance academics, with a healthy, creative, and caring lifestyle is central to being an IB DP student.?Students create an individualized portfolio which highlights their successes, challenges, and memorable experiences as creative and active people who serve their communities. This independent inquiry helps students build their organization and self-management skills while making connections and tuning in to who they would like to be as a global citizen.?

The Theory of Knowledge course consistently challenges students to inquire about how and why they know what they know. Through engaging, inquiry-based activities, students come to understand the major components of TOK, including areas of knowledge, ways of knowing, knowledge questions, knowledge claims, and more. The two formal assessments within TOK, an essay and a presentation, are opportunities for students to investigate, plan, make connections, and demonstrate their understanding as they link knowledge claims and knowledge questions with real life situations.

Finally, the Extend Essay, an independent research essay completed over the course of the DP, allows students to independently go through the inquiry cycle with the support and guidance from their supervisor. The Core supports the students as a collective and as individual inquirers; it provides opportunities for students to be curious researchers with a strong love for learning.

—Contributed by Brian Kelley and Kathryn Crossman

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